Joints

Joint issues are a common problem whether it's due to sports, genetics or ageing. There are over 200 bones in the body and to allow normal movement, the joints where they connect need to be healthy.

Cartilage and synovial fluid are the 2 important factors involved in joint health so they need to be looked after.

Inflammatory conditions/arthritis are the most common conditions to affect joints, with there being 2 types – rheumatoid and osteo. Rheumatoid Arthritis can affect many age groups and is often linked with inflammation of the joints. Osteo Arthritis tends to affect the elderly most commonly, as joints deteriorate with age.

Rheumatoid makes the joints less flexible and is often linked with auto-immunity but as both types involve inflammation, dealing with this can really help.

Prostaglandins are substances that are derived from fats in the diet, particularly omega 3 and omega 6. The prostaglandin types are PGE1, PGE2 and PGE3.

PGE1 and PGE3 are the most effective at reducing inflammation. PGE2 can actually be pro-inflammatory.

In order for these prostaglandins to be effective in reducing inflammation, they need additional nutrients such as B3, B6, vitamin C, magnesium and zinc.

High protein foods such as poultry, fish and eggs produce B3 and also tryptophan boosts levels of prostaglandins.

Some pro-inflammatory foods should be eaten in moderation and they include saturated fats coming from fried and fast foods, red meat and full fat dairy products.

Root vegetables, bananas, turmeric and ginger boost B6 and have anti inflammatory properties. Low fat yoghurt, beans, nuts, seeds and eggs are high in zinc. Green leafy vegetables, brown rice and quinoa are good for magnesium and nuts, seeds, fish and avocados are excellent for essential fats.